The etiology and patterns of maxillofacial trauma in Jazan Province, Saudi Arabia
Sultan Mohammed Namis1, Ghassan M Al-Iryani2, Ali Mohammed Makarami3, Fareedi Mukram Ali2, Eissa Hakami4, Mahmoud Y Almasrahi4
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, King Fahad Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Oral and maxillofacial Surgery, Ministry of Health, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of General Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Fareedi Mukram Ali,
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the etiological factors and patterns of oral and maxillofacial fractures in patients treated at Jazan Province.
Methods: A retrospective institute-based study of oral and maxillofacial trauma patients was carried out from November 2016 to April 2017. The records of 133 patients between the ages of 0–75 years were included. The data were categorized by demographic details, mode of injury, etiology, and anatomical fracture site. Chi-square test was applied for statistical analysis according to age group, nationality, and gender at P < 0.05.
Results: Radiographs revealed that mandible fractures (50.7%) were more commonly found followed by zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures as 18.2%. Less number of cases showed nasoorbitoethmoidal and maxillary fractures as 5.3% and 4.6%, respectively. Further males were predominantly more affected with maxillofacial injuries than females, and the highest rate of injuries was in seen the age group of 20–29 years as 51 (38.6%). Records also mentioned that road traffic accidents (RTAs) were the most significant source behind the facial injuries (65.9%).
Conclusion: Mandibular fractures were dominant over other types of maxillofacial fractures, and RTA was the key factor in the etiology of oral and maxillofacial facial injuries. Hence, road safety rules should be strictly implemented.