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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 35-44

Long term outcomes of neglected intracapsular fracture neck in young adults managed by modified double angle barrel plate (DABP) with intertrochanteric valgusosteotomy


1 Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Orthopaedics, U.P. Rural Institute of Medical Science and Research, Saifai, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Lecturer, Department of Orthopaedics, U.P. Rural Institute of Medical Science and Research, Saifai, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, U.P. Rural Institute of Medical Science and Research, Saifai, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Resident, Department of Orthopaedics, U.P. Rural Institute of Medical Science and Research, Saifai, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S. P. S. Gill
Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Orthopaedics, U.P. Rural Institute of Medical Science and Research, Saifai, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1597-1112.179212

Clinical trial registration D-3437-2015

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Introduction: Fracture neck of femur in young adult have relatively higher incidence of complications such as nonunion, avascular necrosis (AVN) of femoral head, loss of fixation, screw cut-out, and delayed secondary osteoarthritis. Delayed presentation of these cases in developing countries such as India further compromises the outcome of these fractures. Situations like this in young adult lead to difficulty in fixation by simple cancellous screw because of lack of compression surface area. Replacement surgeries in these cases are a difficult choice in these patients; it is difficult to restrict squatting for lifelong due to social culture and lack of toilets. Now, days also preferences are given to head sparing surgeries and osteosynthesis. Materials and Methods: Cases were selected from the patients attending orthopedics outpatient department and emergency trauma center from August 2006 to August 2012. During this period, total 56 cases of neglected fracture neck femur came to our department. Of these 56 cases, 36 cases qualify for inclusion into this study. Of 36 cases, 22 were female and 14 were male with an age range from 22 years to 48 years and average age of 42 years. Average duration from injury to operative procedure was 4.9 weeks (34 days) and range from 2 weeks to 18 weeks. These cases were operated by modified double angle barrel plate (DABP) with intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy with one cannulated cancellous screw (CCS). Results: Total 36 cases were operated using DABP and trochanteric osteotomy. Final outcomes were evaluated using modified Askin and Bryan criteria. Of these 36 cases, 32 (88.8%) cases gave good to excellent results and completed their full follow-up. Rest four cases were unable to continue with same implant fixation. These were kept in failure group. These four cases showed failure due to loss of reduction, screw cut-out, and secondary collapse of femoral head after AVN. These cases further managed by replacement surgeries. Discussion: Neglected fracture neck femurs are not rare presentation in developing countries. Various modalities of treatment are fibular graft, iliac bone graft, multiple screws with fibular graft, muscle pedicle graft. In our case series, we had done combination of DABP with trochanteric osteotomy with CCS and achieved excellent to good results and this method can be used a primary method for management of neglected femoral neck fracture.


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